ESSENTIAL ADVICE FOR POTENTIAL PURCHASERS AND VENDORS OF PROPERTY 

Richard Watson & Co, Antigua
Buying Property in Antigua
Although the country is called Antigua & Barbuda, for historic reasons, it is only possible to buy land and property in Antigua.  Barbuda, Antigua's sister island, is off limits to all but those who are born on the island.

Buying and selling in Antigua is a combination of the U.K.system and the U.S. system with a little local colour thrown in for good measure.  There are no restrictions on foreign nationals buying property in Antigua although non-nationals are obliged to obtain a Non-citizens Landholders Licence unless purchasing through the Citizens Investment Programme.

All prices are in U.S. dollars and properties are available on the island from under US$200,000 to over US$20 million in a wide range of locations.  As with most property purchasing, location is everything and prices will vary according to whether or not the there is a sea view and a number of other factors.
Costs and Procedures

The cost of a Non-citizens Landholders Licence is 5% of the value of the property.  For vacant land, building must be started in compliance with the non-citizen’s license terms which usually means 2 years. Most property is fee simple or freehold. Leaseholds are rare and usually held by the Crown

Government transfer fees are currently 2.5% for the buyer and 7.5% for the seller. Property taxes/rates are based on rental value and are low.  Legal costs for a transfer are 1% to 2% depending on the value of the transaction. There is no title insurance. Properties are registered at the Land Registry which is well organised. Copies of Land Certificates can be obtained for a small fee.  Always obtain a Cadastral Survey of the land/property from the Survey Office and have a land surveyor check the dimensions.  This is crucial as the boundaries are sometimes not where they appear to be from the fences.   

Estate agent commissions are 4% to 6% on sale of both residential and commercial property and free if you are purchasing unless you employ an agent to search for you.  Insurance coverage is approx. 2% of insured risk with a deductible of 2%. Insurance includes earthquakes and named storms although limited cover is also available.
 

 Citizen Investment Programme

The citizenship-by-investment program requires a person to make a significant economic contribution to the country. In exchange, and subject to a stringent application procedure, including thorough background checks, the applicants and their families are granted citizenship.

To qualify for citizenship, the person must be over 18 years of age, meet the application requirements and select one of the following three options available:

an investment of at least US$400,000 into one of the approved real estate projects; such investments cannot be disposed of within a five year period or before the proposed development in which the investment has been made has been substantially completed

a contribution to the National Development Fund (NDF) of a minimum non-refundable amount of US$250,000 (for a single applicant) reduced, temporarily, to US$200,000 as an incentive.

an investment of a minimum of US$1,500,000 directly into an eligible business as a sole investor or a joint investment involving at least 2 persons in an eligible business totaling at least US$5,000,000, and each of those persons individually invests at least US$400,000

Banking
Bank financing is available but interest rates are high by US or European standards and 30% or more cash deposit will be required.  If you are looking to buy a holiday home in Antigua, consider raising a mortgage on your main residence in the country where you live.   It is convenient to have a bank account in Antigua but the banking laws are very restrictive and highly regulated to avoid money laundering.  Many banks are Canadian owned and are controlled by Canada's strict banking laws as well as those of Antigua & Barbuda. As agents, we can introduce you to reputable banks.  In addition to cheque clearing and savings banks, Antigua has a well regulated offshore banking system.
Services

Most houses are serviced by a septic tank, a legal requirement,  water cisterns are also required by law. Government electricity and water are usually connected or available nearby as are cable and landline telephone and broadband.  Although the electricity supply is generally reasonably good, a standby generator is useful particularly at the time of severe storms which can damage the electricity supply infrastructure. Cellular telephone coverage is island wide.  More remote properties may be accessed by little more than a dirt track but most houses have access to adequate roads.  Although all property is supposed to have access to the main highway, check that the road outside a property is part of the public road network and not someone's private drive  


Rental Property

Rents range from under US$100 per night for a basic apartment to a lush fully staffed villa at several thousand US$ per night and there are many fine villas which can be a great alternative to staying in hotels.  Most of these rental villas have swimming pools and close proximity to one of Antigua's great beaches.  Villa rental also provides an opportunity for owners to get an income out of their second homes while they are not using them. The property management fee is usually 10%.  Rental commissions are 20% for short term rental to include property management.  Withholding taxes are 25% of net rental income for non-residents.

There are also many long term rental properties available and, dependent upon size and condition, can be had for less than US$500 per month.  A long term rental can be a serious alternative to purchasing property as the landlord is responsible for the upkeep and there are no risk of changing property values.  Rental commissions are 8.33% for long term rentals.
The property management fee in addition to the commission is usually 10%. As with short term rentals, withholding taxes are 25% of net rental income for non-residents.

For commercial properties where there is no premium, the commission is 10% of the annual rental increasing to 20% if property management is required.

Time-share is not particularly common in Antigua but there are several older developments which were constructed when time-share was very popular and they still have properties which occasionally come available.  If this is which appeals, it is worth checking the time-share websites.  A few estate agents may have some time-share offerings.


For Antigua and Caribbean property for sale contact
Richard Watson & Company, Antigua

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